The Lithium Battery Ecosystem

Lithium battery makers in india

Experts say that Lithium (Li-Ion) batteries are the new oil.

Electric vehicles are already upon us and their usage is expected to grow phenomenally.

Here then is a list of all materials and chemicals that are used in the making of a lithium battery.

Use this article for your research and dig out companies that can become multibaggers. Good luck.

Product Notes

Conductive Carbon BlackProvides excellent power/energy density, solid stability and a longer cycle
Helps in higher solids loadings, higher packing density, improved electrolyte distribution and transportation
GraphiteUsed in active anodes
Safe and reliable material that provides sufficient energy density for Li-Ion batteries
GrapheneEnhances conventional battery electrode performance
Makes batteries lighter, fast charging
Lithium MetatitanateUtilized as a flux due to its good stability
This is lithium mixed with titanium. Remember that this is an alternative to graphite.
Silicon Anodes
Increase the efficiency and energy storage capacity of lithium-ion batteries
Styrene Butadiene RubberCathode Binders.
Binders hold the active material particles together and in contact with the Aluminum Foil or Copper Foil
Polyvinylidene FluorideSame as above
Aluminum FoilsCurrent Collector for Cathodes
Used as the cathode current collector of secondary Li-ion batteries, it is superior to Graphite mixture, while the cathode combines Lithium and other choice metals
Cathode Active Materials (Nickel, Cobalt, Manganese, Phosphate)Form a multi-metal oxide material to which lithium is added (used in cathodes). These combine to make:

Lithium Nickel Cobalt Manganese Oxide

Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminium Oxide

Lithium Manganese Oxide

Lithium Nickel Manganese Spinel

Lithium Cobalt Oxide
Aluminium Foil
Covered above
Copper FoilPrimarily used as the current collector of the anode in lithium-ion batteries
Nickel FoilElectrodeposited nickel foil is required in all modern Li-Ion batteries
Polyvinylidene fluoride
Covered in cathode section
Lithium Compounds
Lithium Hydroxide
Lithium mixed with Calcium hydroxide
Lithium Carbonate
Lithium Hydroxide derived from used lithium batteries and treated with water and carbon dioxide. This is not a significant material as of now.
Polyolefin SeparatorsSeparates anode and cathode. Made using Polyethylene or Polypropylene
Ceramic Separators
Same use as above. Material used is ceramic.
Cathode and anode electrodesIn an electrolytic cell inside a battery, the anode is taken to be positive while the cathode is negative. But, the reaction is still similar, whereby electrons from the anode flow to the positive terminal of the battery, and electrons from the battery flow to the cathode
Lithium hexafluorophosphateAll Li-Ion battereies need it. As a bonus I can clue you on to two companies that make it - BASF and Honeywell


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